In classical chivalry, the knight was accompanied by a squire, a page and a man-at-arms, the whole then being known as a lance. From this comes the phrase free-lance, meaning a lance which was not in fealty to a superior lord.
A knight was, in general, in command only of his own lance, and took orders from a marshall. A number of knights were reckoned to be sufficiently experienced to command other knights: they did so as the marshall's delegate. If a knight rose sufficiently to be viewed as capable of being given a command of his own, it was customary then to make him a knight-banneret.
Knights in the SCA
The SCA has a polling order of peerage that is the Order of Chivalry. Only members of this order are considered knights. SCA knights can be male or female but must swear fealty to the Crown. If a member is invited to become a member of the order but won't swear fealty, then they are considered a Master or Mistress at Arms not a knight.
According to Corpora,
- The candidate must be considered the equal of his or her prospective peers with the basic weapons of tournament combat. To become a Knight, the candidate must swear fealty to the Crown of his or her kingdom during the knighting ceremony. Masters of Arms may choose to swear fealty, but are not required to do so.
- The duties of the Chivalry are as follows:
- To set an example of courtesy and chivalrous conduct on and off the field of honor.
- To respect the Crown of the kingdom; to support and uphold the laws of the kingdom and Corpora.
- To enrich the kingdom by sharing his or her knowledge and skills.
- To support and uphold the Crown of his or her kingdom.
- To enhance the renown and defend the honor of the peer’s Lady or Lord.
- To advise the Crown on the advancement of candidates for the Chivalry.
- To bestow the Accolade of Knighthood upon a candidate for the Order of Knighthood, as the sole right as Sovereign or acting directly for the Sovereign, for only a Knight can create a Knight.
A white belt is officially reserved for use by knights but most will also wear a fealty chain. The wearing of spurs by knights varies a lot from kingdom to kingdom (see IKA), and in some kingdoms squires also traditionally wear spurs. And, of course, those engaged in Equestrian activities wear spurs as tools rather than regalia.
Rolls of Honour
Each SCA Kingdom maintains a listing of their Chivalry, including the date each Knight or Master at Arms was dubbed, as part of the Order of Precedence. This is often called a Roll of Honour, and is usually listed online.
- Kingdom of the West
- Kingdom of the East
- Kingdom of the Middle
- Kingdom of Atenveldt
- Kingdom of Meridies
- Kingdom of Caid
- Kingdom of Ansteorra
- Kingdom of Atlantia
- Kingdom of An Tir
- Kingdom of Calontir
- Kingdom of Trimaris
- Kingdom of Outlands
- Kingdom of Drachenwald
- Kingdom of Artemisia
- Kingdom of Æthelmearc
- Kingdom of Ealdormere
- Kingdom of Lochac
- Kingdom of Northshield
- Kingdom of Gleann Abhann
|Language||Alternate Form of Knight||Alternate Form of Sir|
|Greek||Strâtiotes||Hippôtes / Kûrios|
|Irish Gaelic||Ridire||Sior / An ridire|
|Old English||Cniht / Ridda||--|
|Scots Gaelic||Ridire||a Shir / Shair|
|Welsh||Marchog[es] / Cyfurdd /
Dyl(y)edog / Pendefig